Non-directional radial intercalation dominates deep cell behavior during zebrafish epiboly

Robert Bensch, S. Song, Olaf Ronneberger, W. Driever
Biology Open, 2(8): 845--854, 2013
Abstract: Epiboly is the first coordinated cell movement in most vertebrates and marks the onset of gastrulation. During zebrafish epiboly, enveloping layer (EVL) and deep cells spread over the vegetal yolk mass with a concomitant thinning of the deep cell layer. A prevailing model suggests that deep cell radial intercalations directed towards the EVL would drive deep cell epiboly. To test this model, we have globally recorded 3D cell trajectories for zebrafish blastomeres between sphere and 50% epiboly stages, and developed an image analysis framework to determine intercalation events, intercalation directionality, and migration speed for cells at specific positions within the embryo. This framework uses Voronoi diagrams to compute cell-to-cell contact areas, defines a feature-based spatio-temporal model for intercalation events and fits an anatomical coordinate system to the recorded datasets. We further investigate whether epiboly defects in MZspg mutant embryos devoid of Pou5f1/Oct4 may be caused by changes in intercalation behavior. In wild-type and mutant embryos, intercalations orthogonal to the EVL occur with no directional bias towards or away from the EVL, suggesting that there are no directional cues that would direct intercalations towards the EVL. Further, we find that intercalation direction is independent of the previous intercalation history of individual deep cells, arguing against cues that would program specific intrinsic directed migration behaviors. Our data support a dynamic model in which deep cells migrate into space opening between the EVL and yolk syncytial layer during epiboly. Genetic programs determining cell motility may control deep cell dynamic behavior and epiboly progress.
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  author       = "R.Bensch and S.Song and O.Ronneberger and W.Driever",
  title        = "Non-directional radial intercalation dominates deep cell behavior during zebrafish epiboly",
  journal      = "Biology Open",
  number       = "8",
  volume       = "2",
  pages        = "845--854",
  year         = "2013",
  keywords     = "Gastrulation, Epiboly, Radial Intercalation, Pou5f1",
  url          = "http://lmb.informatik.uni-freiburg.de/Publications/2013/BR13"

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