Early functional magnetic resonance imaging activations predict language outcome after stroke

D. Saur, Olaf Ronneberger, D. Kummerer, I. Mader, C. Weiller, S. Klöppel
Brain, 133(4): 1252-1264, 2010
Abstract: An accurate prediction of system-specific recovery after stroke is essential to provide rehabilitation therapy based on the individual needs. We explored the usefulness of functional magnetic resonance imaging scans from an auditory language comprehension experiment to predict individual language recovery in 21 aphasic stroke patients. Subjects with an at least moderate language impairment received extensive language testing 2 weeks and 6 months after left-hemispheric stroke. A multivariate machine learning technique was used to predict language outcome 6 months after stroke. In addition, we aimed to predict the degree of language improvement over 6 months. 76% of patients were correctly separated into those with good and bad language performance 6 months after stroke when based on functional magnetic resonance imaging data from language relevant areas. Accuracy further improved (86% correct assignments) when age and language score were entered alongside functional magnetic resonance imaging data into the fully automatic classifier. A similar accuracy was reached when predicting the degree of language improvement based on imaging, age and language performance. No prediction better than chance level was achieved when exploring the usefulness of diffusion weighted imaging as well as functional magnetic resonance imaging acquired two days after stroke. This study demonstrates the high potential of current machine learning techniques to predict system-specific clinical outcome even for a disease as heterogeneous as stroke. Best prediction of language recovery is achieved when the brain activation potential after system-specific stimulation is assessed in the second week post stroke. More intensive early rehabilitation could be provided for those with a predicted poor recovery and the extension to other systems, for example, motor and attention seems feasible.
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  author       = "D. Saur and O. Ronneberger and D. Kummerer and I. Mader and C. Weiller and S. Kl{\"o}ppel",
  title        = "Early functional magnetic resonance imaging activations predict language outcome after stroke",
  journal      = "Brain",
  number       = "4",
  volume       = "133",
  pages        = "1252-1264",
  year         = "2010",
  url          = "http://lmb.informatik.uni-freiburg.de/Publications/2010/Ron10"

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