High accuracy optical flow estimation based on a theory for warping

Thomas Brox, A. Bruhn, N. Papenberg, J. Weickert
European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), Springer, LNCS, Vol.3024: 25-36, May 2004
Abstract: We study an energy functional for computing optical flow that combines three assumptions: a brightness constancy assumption, a gradient constancy assumption, and a discontinuity-preserving spatio-temporal smoothness constraint. In order to allow for large displacements, linearisations in the two data terms are strictly avoided. We present a consistent numerical scheme based on two nested fixed point iterations. By proving that this scheme implements a coarse-to-fine warping strategy, we give a theoretical foundation for warping which has been used on a mainly experimental basis so far. Our evaluation demonstrates that the novel method gives significantly smaller angular errors than previous techniques for optical flow estimation.We show that it is fairly insensitive to parameter variations, and we demonstrate its excellent robustness under noise.

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BibTex reference

  author       = "T. Brox and A. Bruhn and N. Papenberg and J. Weickert",
  title        = "High accuracy optical flow estimation based on a theory for warping",
  booktitle    = "European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)",
  series       = "Lecture Notes in Computer Science",
  volume       = "3024",
  pages        = "25-36",
  month        = "May",
  year         = "2004",
  publisher    = "Springer",
  url          = "http://lmb.informatik.uni-freiburg.de/Publications/2004/Bro04a"

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