Diffusion and regularization of vector- and matrix-valued images

J. Weickert, Thomas Brox
Inverse Problems, Image Analysis, and Medical Imaging, AMS: 251-268, Dec 2002
Abstract: The goal of this paper is to present a unified description of diffusion and regularization techniques for vector-valued as well as matrix-valued data fields. In the vector-valued setting, we first review a number of existing methods and classify them into linear and nonlinear as well as isotropic and anisotropic methods. For these approaches we present corresponding regularization methods. This taxonomy is applied to the design of regularization methods for variational motion analysis in image sequences. Our vector-valued framework is then extended to the smoothing of positive semidefinite matrix fields. In this context a novel class of anisotropic diffusion and regularization methods is derived and it is shown that suitable algorithmic realizations preserve the positive semidefiniteness of the matrix field without any additional constraints. As an application, we present an anisotropic nonlinear structure tensor and illustrate its advantages over the linear structure tensor.

Other associated files : weickert_pp58.pdf [664KB]  

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BibTex reference

  author       = "Joachim Weickert and Thomas Brox",
  title        = "Diffusion and regularization of vector- and matrix-valued images",
  booktitle    = "Inverse Problems, Image Analysis, and Medical Imaging",
  pages        = "251-268",
  month        = "Dec",
  year         = "2002",
  publisher    = "AMS",
  url          = "http://lmb.informatik.uni-freiburg.de/Publications/2002/Bro02a"

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